Conditions for Submission

  • Articles are accepted for exclusive publication in The Journal of Indonesian Orthopaedic & Traumatology. Previous presentation at a scientific meeting, and/or publication of the abstract in conjunction with the meeting, does not preclude publication of the article; however, this information must be disclosed in a cover letter at the time of submission. Previously published articles, including those published in non-English-language journals, are not accepted.
  • Physical and electronic copies of published articles and illustrations become the property of The Journal of Indonesian Orthopaedic & Traumatology.
  • All clinical trials (i.e., any clinical study in which patients are randomized into two treatment groups OR are followed prospectively to compare two different treatments) must have been registered in a public trials registry such as clinicaltrials.govin accordance with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines for trial registration.
  • All manuscripts dealing with the study of human subjects must include a statement that the subjects gave informed consent to participate and that the study was approved by an institutional review board or a similar committee. All studies should be carried out in accordance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Patient confidentiality must be protected.
  • All manuscripts reporting on experiments on animals must include a statement that the study has been approved by an animal utilization study committee. Information about the management of postoperative pain should be included.
  • If requested by the Editor-in-Chief, authors must make the tabulated raw data that forms the basis of their work available for examination in a timely fashion.

Submission Overview

Authors should, in general, follow the ICMJE's "Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals."

The following items must be submitted:

  1. Blinded Manuscript Text:See Manuscript Structure below.
  2. Complete Manuscript Text including (1) article title, (2) authors' names, in order in which they should appear, and academic degrees, (3) institution(s) at which the work was performed, (4) institution (and city and state or country) with which each author is affiliated, (5) corresponding author and his/her e-mail address (6) blinded manuscript text and (7) chart and figures, in a single Microsoft Word file (.doc or .docx).
  3. Copyright Transfer and Author Agreement: All authors must sign a Copyright Transfer and Author Agreement granting JOTI exclusive copyright to all material.
  4. Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest:Authors must complete an ICMJE Conflict of Interest Statement form for each submitted manuscript. Scanned copies of the completed form are not acceptable. The ICMJE forms have no bearing on the decision to accept a manuscript.
  5. IRB Approval:A copy of the letter granting approval from the institutional review board or the animal utilization study committee is required. A translated version must be provided if the original approval is not written in English or Indonesian.

Manuscript Structure

All manuscripts must conform to the following formatting instructions:

  • File format:Microsoft Word 
  • Language: English
  • Line spacing:Double-spaced
  • Font: Times New Roman (size 12)
  • Page layout: Manuscript title included at the beginning of the first page with continuous line numbering down left side of page
  • Article format: should include all the following items
  1. Title: Complete title of the article without any abbreviations
  2. Structured abstract: consisting of 5 paragraphs, totaling no more than 250 words, with the headings: Background (stating the primary research question), Methods, Results, Conclusions, and Level of Evidence (for Clinical Research articles) or Clinical Relevance (for Basic-Science Research articles). The Level of Evidence should be assigned according to the definitions in the Level of Evidence table.
  3. Article body: The text should follow order of IMRAD (Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusions). System internationale units (S.I. Unit) must be used when stating meassurements. All meassurements should use metric system. Do not use unstandardized abbreviation. Do not commence sentence with numerical figure. Any numbers should be spelled out in form of words if they become the heading of the sentence.
  4. References: in Vancouver format, must be included after the manuscript text. Number the references according to the order of citation in the text (not alphabetically), and cite all references in the text. Papers posted on preprint servers may not be used as references.
  5. Figure legends must be included at the end of the manuscript text file, after the References section, for all images. Explain what each figure shows. Identify machine settings for magnetic resonance images, and give the magnification of all photomicrographs. Define all arrows and other such indicators appearing on the figure.
  6. Tables should be submitted a descriptive title above the table itself (do not include this information on the figure legends page). All tables should be cited in the manuscript text by table number.
  7. Figures must be submitted in TIFF, JPG or PNG format. No more than 10 separate image files may be submitted. Cite all figures, in order, in the text.

Article categories

  1. Original Research Articles
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and References 
    Abstract: Limited to 250 words, structured with the following headings: Background, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions 
    Total Word Limit: 3000 words 
    Reference Limit: 30 references 
  2. Review Article
    Structure: Reviews should provide a clear introducing and concluding sections. Sub-titles are at the author's discretion. 
    Abstract: Limited to 250 words, semi-structured (no titles or references) 
    Total Word Limit: 5000 words 
    Reference: Minimum 30 references, Maximum 50 references
  3. Case Reports
    Structure: Abstract, Introduction, Presentation of Case, Discussion, Conclusion, Consent of Patient 
    Abstract: Limited to 250 words, semi-structured (no titles or references) 
    Total Word Limit: 2000 words 
    Reference Limit: 15 references, Figure/Table Limit: 5 color figures or tables
  4. Editorial
    Structure: Editorials should provide a clear introducing and concluding sections. Sub-titles are at the author's discretion. 
    Abstract: Limited to 250 words, semi-structured (no titles or references) 
    Total Word Limit: 2,000 words 
    Reference Limit: 20 references, Figure/Table Limit: 3 color figures or tables
  5. Letter to Editor/ Commentary
    Structure: One body of text with no sub-titles 
    Abstract: None 
    Total Word Limit: 1,000 words 
    Reference Limit: 20 references, Figure/Table Limit: 3 color figures or tables
  6. Conference Proceeding: This type  of publication included abstracts from a registered conference which will be published as “Supplement” of the Journal.


  • There is a general limit of six (6)
  • Each author must have contributed significantly to, and be willing to take public responsibility for, one or more aspects of the study: its design, data acquisition, and analysis and interpretation of data. All authors must have been actively involved in the drafting and critical revision of the manuscript, and each must provide final approval of the version to be published. Please refer to Uniform Requirement for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication, updated April 2010 section IIA.