An Update of Tuberculosis Spondylitis and The Holistic Management by Subroto Sapardan Total Treatment: Literature Review Study


  • Fachrisal Ipang Department of Orthopaedic & Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Fatmawati General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Didi Saputra Ramang Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia



Spondylitis;, Tuberculosis;, Management;, Spine;


Tuberculosis spondylitis or Pott disease is a pathological condition that is caused by infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and manifests a combination of osteomyelitis and arthritis that usually involves more than one vertebrae. It has recently shown a significant resurgence in developed nations secondary to global migration. Concurrent with this phenomenon, multidrug-resistant bacterial strains of tuberculosis have been increasing in developing nations over the past decades. This reality causes TB spondylitis to be a serious disease with several diagnostic and treatment challenges. One of the treatment methods for tuberculosis spondylitis that has been established in Indonesia is the Subroto Sapardan Total Treatment Protocol, by emphasizing holistic from basic to advanced treatment, this protocol is effective in treating the spondylitis.


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Author Biography

Fachrisal Ipang, Department of Orthopaedic & Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Fatmawati General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia




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