Vertebral fracture characteristics at dr. Kariadi hospital, Semarang
Keywords:vertebral fracture, trauma
The incidence of vertebral trauma in the world is recorded at 0.019% to 0.088% per year. Previous research found that men have 1.9-3.3 times higher risk of vertebral injuries than women. However, the number of incidence is different in each country depending on several factors such as geographical background, climate, socio-economic, and cultural community.
To determine the epidemiology of vertebral fractures at Dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang.This was an observational descriptive study. Data were obtained from the medical records of vertebral fractures patients at Dr. Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang, from 2015 to 2019. There were 358 samples in this study. Patient demographic, diagnosis, and duration of treatment data were collected. The number of cases, comparison of cases in gender, age distribution, number of cases per year, type of fracture, and length of treatment in vertebral fractures of patients were analyzed using SPSS.
The incidence of vertebral fractures in male (64.8%) was higher than in female (35.2%). Age distribution showed age >50 years had the most frequent vertebral fracture (41.6%). The most common type of vertebral fracture was lumbar vertebra fracture (60.9%). The longest treatment duration of vertebral fracture was 5-10 days (30.7%).
Male have higher risk of experiencing trauma to the vertebrae than female. In the population group of age >50 years, the higher risk is due to the presence of postmenopausal primary osteoporosis. The high incidence of lumbar vertebral trauma in male is generally related to the trauma caused by traffic accidents or falling from height.
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